Dr. John Money and the THEORY of Gender Identity-A Postmortem (Part 1)

This post begins a series of posts on but not limited solely to: John Money, Alfred Kinsey, the theory of Gender Identity (gender roles), all incarnations of the DSM's pro consensual pedophile position. In this post I will focus on the John Hopkin's sexologist Dr. John Money, responsible for the theory (and promotion) of Gender Roles/Gender Identity (disorder)/consensual pedophilia. I will show with irrefutable proof that while the theory of Gender Identity was proven false as early as the mid 70's, the theory of Gender Identity was allowed to proliferate as both a means to normalize some paraphilias (cross dressing/homosexuality) and open the door for the future normalization of pedophilia.

John Money was born in New Zealand in 1921. Money later went to Victoria University, double majoring in philosophy and psychology.
In 1947, At the age of 26, Money left for the US to pursue his doctorate which he later received in 1952 from Harvard. It was while Money was studying at Harvard that he became heavily interested in hermaphroditism and sexology. From Harvard, Money went to John's Hopkins, founding the
Office of Psychohormonal Research. It is during his early years (the 1950s) at John's Hopkins that Money, through his fixation with the intersex, particularly "fixing" infants with ambiguous genitalia, that Money helped to develop the Gender of rearing model for infants intersex or presumed intersex.
  • The basic idea was that each child’s potential for a “normal” gender identity should be maximized by making each child’s body, upbringing, and mind align as much as possible. Because of the belief that it was harder to surgically engineer a boy than a girl, most children with intersex were made as feminine as possible, utilizing surgery, endocrinology, and psychology. A “successful” patient was one judged to be stable and “normal” (i.e., heterosexual) in the assigned gender. (In an era of vice squads raiding gay bars, it is not surprising that homosexuality appeared to most of these professionals an untenable identity.)
In working (altering/fixing) with intersex (children-adults) Money came to believe (theorize) that we all possess (what he called) a gender identity independent of our biological sex and IF the gender identity is socially constructed (via parents/family etc) by age two 1/2, the human, regardless of biological sex can and will function as the socialized gender ("sex of rearing could transcend external genital morphology" JM-supra note 52, at 336).
  • From the sum total of hermaphroditic evidence,” he (John Money) wrote in 1955, “the conclusion that emerges is that sexual behavior and orientation as male or female does not have an innate, instinctive basis. In place of a theory of instinctive masculinity or femininity which is innate, the evidence of hermaphroditism lends support to a conception that, psychologically, sexuality is undifferentiated at birth and that it becomes differentiated as masculine or feminine in the course of the various experiences of growing up.” In short, Money was advancing a view that human beings form a sense of themselves as boy or girl according to whether they are dressed in blue or pink, given a masculine or feminine name, clothed in pants or dresses, given guns or Barbies to play with. Many years later, Money would describe how he arrived at some of his more radical theories about human sexual behavior. “I frequently find myself toying with concepts and working out potential hypotheses,” he mused. “It is like playing a game of science fiction.”

Meaning, if a baby was born male, but raised as a girl socially (think pink), the biological male would believe/function comfortably as a girl/woman, granted this mutable gender identity theory was born out of RARE intersex births ONLY.

John Money's other obsession developed after he became aware of the autogynephile/transsexual Christine Jorgensen, whose sex reassignment (in its early stage) was considered a success. Transsexuals peaked Money's interest, but like most (even today) studying transgenderism, Money never bothered with the follow up to realize Jorgensen's transition was a failure socially and medically, as he later died prematurely from multiple organ cancers.

John Money then went on a crusade:
  • "...to establish Johns Hopkins as the first hospital in America to embrace transsexual surgeries, Money knew that he would first have to bring on board a respected medical man. (Money himself was a psychologist and did not possess a medical degree of any kind.) He turned first to Dr. Howard Jones, the Johns Hopkins gynecologist who had perfected the surgical techniques for sex assignment on Money’s infant intersexual subjects. “I can recall,” Jones says, “that for a number of months, maybe even years, John kept raising the question of whether we shouldn’t get into the transsexual situation.”
Dr. Jones was uncomfortable performing surgeries on non intersex persons, so Money turned to the godfather of transsexualism Harry Benjamin, with Benjamin's help Money garnered John Hopkins to open the FIRST clinic in America (1965) for the medical treatment of transsexuals, named by John Money himself as the Gender Identity Clinic. Clearly Money's own warped psychosexual predilections fueled his lifelong obsession with intersex/transsexuals "I suffered from the guilt of being male...I wore the mark of man’s vile sexuality”—that is, the penis and testicles"..."I wondered if the world might really be a better place for women if not only farm animals but human males also were gelded at birth." Interestingly, despite Money's Gender Identity theory, gender identity MUST be forged by age 2 1/2 for success (according to Money), he completely ignored his theory where transsexuals were concerned. He also had no way to actually prove his Gender Identity theory, because of the ethical violations for experimenting on children. A medical mistake that occurred in 1966 in the form of a botched circumcision, would change all that for Dr. Money, Women's Lib (Radical Feminism) and Transgender as we know it today.

Because John Colapinto's book As Nature Made Him documents a thorough account of David Reimer's tragic story, for the purposes of this post I will supply simply the basics. In 1965 a set of male identical twins (Bruce and Brian) were born to Ron and Janet Reimer. Eight months after their birth they were to receive a routine circumcision, and instead the first twin operated on (Bruce) was horrible mutilated:
  • " It was blackened, and it was sort of like a little string. And it was right up to the base, up to his body.” To Ron the penis looked “like a piece of charcoal. I knew it wasn’t going to come back to life after that.”Nevertheless, Janet asked the urologist, “Will it still grow, and he’ll just have a little penis?” The doctor shook his head. “I don’t think so. That’s not the way it works.” Over the next few days, baby Bruce’s penis dried and broke away in pieces. It was not very long before all vestiges of the organ were gone completely.
Bruce's penis was irreparably damaged and his young, naive, frightened parents didnt know what to do or where to turn. Ten months later, by pure accident they saw a program featuring John Money speaking about Gender Identity and his successes with both intersex and transsexuals. It was not long before the Reimers were in touch with Money, whom felt as though he hit a jackpot, not only could he prove his Gender Identity theory on having Bruce raised as a girl, BUT Bruce was an experimenters dream, he had an identical twin, Brian. It didnt take long for Money to convince Ron and Janet that Bruce could and should (for his own good) be raised as a girl. The outcome of this case would prove once and for all that it was nurture more than nature that shaped male and female behaviour, or so John Money claimed. 

Brenda, as Bruce was renamed to suit his/her NEW Gender Identity and was soon surgically butchered in order to get the toddler ready for later surgeries that would carve a hole in his body to function as a penis pleaser for his/her future husband:
  • "My chief interest was the physical situation and the surgical potential,” Jones says. “Was the patient healthy and able to withstand the operation?—all that kind of stuff. The case was pretty well worked up before I ever got involved.” For Jones, the surgery on Brenda Reimer was like the routine castrations he had been performing on hermaphrodite babies over the previous twelve years—and apparently Johns Hopkins Hospital viewed the operation the same way. Officials of the hospital have declined all comment on the case, but a Johns Hopkins public relations person, JoAnne Rodgers, told me in the winter of 1998, “In all surgeries that were considered, in the sixties, to be experimental, there were protocols in place to have those approved by appropriate committees and boards.” Dr. Jones cannot recall that the hospital convened any special committee or board in the case of Bruce Reimer’s historic conversion to girlhood."
John Money's Gender Identity experiment on Brenda Reimer went far beyond the pages of medical journals and landed into the living rooms of the general public via TV interviews and news articles. Even Time magazine boasted that John Money PROVED brains are mutable and unsexed at birth. Women's Liberation/Radical Feminists quickly held up Money's Gender Identity experiment as proof that feminism could change the future of male/female behaviour if children were simply reached at a young enough age. Boys could be taught to be a kinder gentler sex and girls could be taught to excel in math and science, together bringing a balance, harmony and equality long lacking in humankind. Or could they?

In lieu of the length of this post, I'm presenting it in two parts, stay tuned for part two later this week.



  1. As usual, an excellent and informative post. Important to know the back story of how this current mess got started and promoted by male medical and mental health "professionals". I read the book about the Reimers and saw a documentary years ago, so I won't mention any "spoilers" that would take away from your Part II. Suffice it to say, what was done by Money was a crime in more ways than one. I was unaware of his own disturbing statements about his (ostensibly normally formed) male genitalia. To hate one's own body or sex to the point of advocating human males to be gelded or castrated as eunuchs once were, cannot be regarded as mentally or emotionally healthy. It is cruel and inhuman to wish to surgically obliterate the genitals of any person, including oneself. Did Money ever put his money where his mouth was, and actually get himself castrated? Or did he prefer to experiment on vulnerable children? The more I think about the so-called "trans" ideology, the more I agree with you, it stems from hatred of women and females, whether it's men thinking they can change into women (impossible) or girls or women thinking they should or could change into men (also impossible). I am a middle-aged straight woman, in an intellectual profession traditionally dominated by men, doubt I could be called feminist, am fairly conservative politically, and I suppose I'm "gender conforming" in most ways, whatever that means - but I am starting to "get" what you are saying about the anti-lesbian aspects of this trans thing. And since lesbians are women, albeit different than myself in some ways, then anything that demeans or destroys or endangers women, must be opposed by all women, regardless of sexual orientation. The young women taking male hormones are heartbreaking to me, and the mutilating surgery is horrifying. Even the (predominately) male doctors mentioned in your article and involved in this movement- it all seems like just one more way for men to control everything, including so-called gender. PS I found your blog when the Bruce Jenner magazine cover thing first hit the media, as I searched for alternative views other than the fawning adulation of the mainstream; and have been reading regularly ever since. I have also begun reading Saye's blog, which I find equally informative. With Respect.

  2. Thanks for your comment, I found no evidence of Money ever castrating himself, although given where his theories went, he should have. More on that in the next post!


  3. This man was a disgrace to all genders and all humans regardless of sexual preference or identity. He failed to respect the natural instinct of a child. He tried to turn a boy into a girl which is as if not more barbaric than refusing to recognize a transgendered person who has the body of one gender but the brain of another. How he has not been stripped post-mortem of his awards is beyond my comprehension. I can accept a male being trapped in a female's body and vice verse but he tried to force a male to live as a female. Where is the LGBT community to destroy this fraud's misguided neurotic teachings?

    1. It is a natural impossibility to be trapped in your own nature, JM aside.



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